1. According to one Pueblo tradition, who are the ones who came out of the earth first and brought the rest of the people to the surface?
2. is constantly reaffirmed as being central to the cycle of life.
3. In Pueblo worldview, human beings have a spiritual obligation to replay the ancient act
4. The principal ancient (prehistoric) cultures of the Southwest are:
5. In addition to sharing a vast trade network, these prehistoric groups also shared religious
6. List the modern descendents of the:
7. Even though the social organization of ancient societies was far more complex than that of their 19th and 20th century descendantsÉthe persistence of in the Southwest is remarkable.
8. How long has the Hopi village of Oraibi been occupied?
9. Anasazi is a word that translates as . The Hopi word for their ancestors is Hisatsinom.
10. Anasazi artistic achievements include:
d. Work in , , and
11. The symbolizes the place of emergence from the underworld.
12. The ancient Anasazi structures (cliffdwellings) were oriented in relation to the heavens and the
underworld but were constructed with:
As well as:
13. The Great Kivas, like modern ones, were conceived and designed as , metaphors of an ideal and .
14. Chaco Canyon was part of a regional hub for inter-regional trade economy, including items such as:
as well as being a distribution center for the turqouise industry.
15. Among the earliest known artistic artifacts from this region are objects made of ,
and plant fibers. The superbly crafted baskets and were the beginning of an unbroken tradition that persists today.
16. Anasazi potters made a number of vessel forms, including:
17. The Mimbres, a branch of the larger Mogollon culture, devised another sort of container as the vehicle for their expressive painting tradition-the .
18. Only the interiors of Mimbres bowls are painted andÉ.only the Mimbres created a complex
that expressed their relationship to the world of and the .
19. Hohokam people had:
20. The Pueblo worldview is reflected in:
In this worldview,
21. The continuity of the basic architectural form demonstrates how it is to Pueblo worldview.
22. What is the focus of Pueblo architectural and ritual environment?
23. The elemental forces of nature, such as:
are embodied in supernatural beings known as .
24. Within the Pueblo world, to keep the world in balance, ritual knowledge is owned by:
25. Kachina dolls are different today than those in the 19th century for two reasons:
26. The details of pottery production differ depending on:
27. The groups that are known as the and today, migrated to the Southwest.
28. Spirit beings are called by the Navajo and by the Apache.
29. It is in the realm of ceremonies for healing and psychological harmony that the Navajo art of
30. Singers are the repository for most of the:
knowledge of the group, and there are specialists for different problems.
31. Traditional Navajo weavers depend on having many sheep to produce their art, the three steps are:
32. Among the Navajo, textile weaving is a female art and early 19th century textiles were relatively plain, striped wearing .
33. With the coming of the railroad, weavers had greater access to materials such as:
34. Due to influence of trading posts, blankets developed into rugs with designs associated with regional styles like:
35. Central to Navajo philosophy are the ideas of:
36. Weaving is a sacred activity, as well as a paradigm for womanhood. It is a means for creating
and it into the world.
37. There is no sacred meaning to the finished product or its geometric designs in Navajo textiles. An artist is more interested in the:
38. Apache is a pre-eminent artform.
39. Apache women exploit plants from the environment for basketry. These plants include:
40. Apache basketry designs include:
41. Jewellry-making has become a major art medium in the 20th century. was added to native traditions in the mid 19th century.